The COX Family - in Angus and Perthshire

Born:
5 Jul 1808 at Lochiefield
Christened:
Invergowrie
Father:
James Cock 1776-1848
Mother:
Helen Scott 1787-1824
Brothers:
David, William, Robert, Henry, Thomas, George, Edward
Sisters:
Jean 1806, Helen 1824
Married:
18 Aug 1834 in Dundee
Spouse:
Clementina Carmichael 1811-1888
Sons:
James (1835), William, Charles, Edward, James (1853)
Daughters:
Grace, Ellen, Clementina, Beatrice, Adeline
Died:
1 Dec 1885 at Clement Park
Buried:

By 1839 James and Clementina had been married nearly five years. They were still living in the small house in Fleuchar Craig with their two young daughters, Grace aged two and Ellen just a few months old. They had just lost their three year old son James, who had died the previous year from whooping cough (see page for James Carmichael Cock).

In the meantime the Cox brothers were engaged in building up the old family business at Foggyley, experimenting with new products and production techniques to take advantage of the improved trading conditions. It was around this time that they changed their name to Cox and formalised their business relationship with the formation of Cox Brothers in 1841.

James and Grace were the only two of James and Clementina's ten children whose births are recorded under the name of Cock in the Parish Register. It seems the others aren't recorded at all until 1855, the year the General Register Office for Scotland was set up. At this point all the Cox children (except James who had died in 1838) are listed on the same page in the register. Hence there are two records for Grace, one in the name of Cock and another in 1855 in the name of Cox.

In 1840 a third daughter Clementina, was born, followed by Beatrice Lyell in 1842. Now with four children, they needed more space and moved to larger house in Brook Street, Broughty Ferry. Here two sons were born, William in 1845 and Charles in 1847. They remained at the house in Broughty Ferry for four years. It was six miles from the works at Foggyley where the three younger brothers in the Cox partnership were still living with their father.

In June 1848, a year after Charles was born, the family moved to No. 4 Dudhope Terrace to be nearer the works. A month later James Cock Senior died and was buried in the churchyard at Invergowrie. The following year they learnt that James' brother David had died of fever in Laguna, Florida in the Gulf of Mexico.

On the positive side, another son Edward, was born in 1850 and Cox Brothers continued to flourish and expand. However, just as the new Camperdown Linen Works was becoming operational, James was incapacitated for three months with typhoid fever. The following year he contracted gastric fever and was again out of action for three months.

Nevertheless, Cox Brothers went from strength to strength and life was rosy for James and Clementina. Then in January 1853 the family were dealt a devastating blow in the form of scarlet fever. All the children were infected, except Grace and Ellen who were away at school. Their adored seven year old son William, died within days and five year old Charles a few weeks later. James wrote a very poignant account of the tragedy (see page for William Cox).

Later the same year another son was born, christened James Carmichael in memory of his brother who had died fifteen years earlier. By this time James was a wealthy man and he commissioned the architect James MacLaren to design and build a large mansion at Foggyley. It was named Clement Park after Clementina, and construction began in 1854. Although the house was not fully completed until 1862, the family moved in shortly after the birth of their last child Adeline Roberta in 1855.

Clement Park was occupied by the family for over 70 years, after which it accommodated various institutions run by The Salvation Army. In 2006 it was sold and redeveloped into luxury flats. It is the largest surviving so-called 'jute baron mansion' in Dundee and has been a Category-B Listed Building since 1993.


Births of the Cox Children (recorded in 1855)
'Grace Margaret daughter of James Cox, Lochee,
and Clementina Carmichael his wife, was born at
Dundee 15th January 1837' ...... etc.


The Waterfront at Broughty Ferry
Photograph by Malcolm McCrow


Spring in Dudhope Park, Dundee
James and his family lived at 4 Dudhope Terrace
which overlooks this park.


Clement Park House circa 1900


Clement Park House a hundred years later


Clement Park House interior
The ornate ceiling in the billiard room

SOURCE: The James Cox Journal

Changes of Address (1844-1848)

We left our first little comfortable houseAccording to the 1841 Census, this was in Milnbank Road, Fleuchar Craig. at the end of ten years, and have since been in three.Brook Street, Broughty Ferry in 1844, then No.4 Dudhope Terrace in 1848, and finally Clement Park in 1855 We went next to Broughty Ferry to a nice house and garden, which we all enjoyed very much. I went every day to the Dundee office and two or three times a week to the works at Foggyley. We had again to move from our house in Broughty as the proprietor wished to go into it at WhitsundayIn 1848 Whitsunday fell on 11th June. 1848 and took No. 4 Dudhope Terrace, to be near the works.

SOURCE: The James Cox Journal

Poor Health (1851-1852)

We had now, with the improvement in trade and the economy in living which my wife has always adopted, saved a little money and were in considerably better spirits than we were a few years ago. Still something else came to trouble us.

In 1851 when I was in the butcher's shop buying our Sabbath dinner, I noticed a man belonging to the shop I had not seen for months before, and asked him where he had been. When he told me he had been ill with typhus fever and this was the first day he had been out, I advised him to go home, as this was not a place to come to - he might give the fever to his customers.

I got home and left along with my wife to pay a visit at Foggyley, which I reached with great difficulty and got a drive home in the evening, went to bed, sent for the Doctor who saw me every day for a week, then told me it was typhus and the rash was out. This confined me to the house about three months.

Next year, 1852, about the same time of the year, when some of the drains from the house were being inspected, I happened to superintend the operation, and in course of a few days thereafter I was laid up and had another three months in the house from gastric fever.

SOURCE: Salvation Army Records

Clement Park House 1950-1990s

In December 1928 the homeThe Dundee Mothers and Childrens Home was re-located to Clement Park House, Harefield Road, Lochee, Dundee. Clement Park House was built for famous jute baron James Cox and was completed in about 1862. He named the mansion after his wife, Clementina.

On 30 April 1929 the official opening took place, at which the building was named Florence Booth House, after the founder of the Women's Social Work wing of the Salvation Army. In October 1935 an extension was added for married patients, and the following month an ante-natal clinic started. This was followed on 9 December 1937 by additional extension, this time to provide associates' quarters. As of 9 April 1951, accommodation at the centre stood at 25 lying-in beds, 25 cots, 30 beds for unmarried mothers and 20 cots.

17 July 1969 saw the opening of a children's section. This had the effect of reducing the accommodation available in the maternity section from 30 mothers to 20, while the new children's section could house twelve. The maternity section closed in August 1970, and accommodation was later confirmed as being 24 beds, for girls '6 months to school leaving age' and boys '6 months to under 12 years'.

In 1991 the children's home was closed, and re-opened with the name Clement Park Hostel, as part of the Salvation Army's Dundee Homelessness Project. In October 2006 the Centre closed and its building were sold. Redeveloped as ten luxury flats by Buddon Homes with 23 new-build homes in the grounds.