The COX Family - in Angus and Perthshire

Born:
15 Jun 1811 in Dundee
Christened:
Father:
James Carmichael 1776-1853
Mother:
Grace Henderson
Brothers:
Charles 1815, James 1817, George 1821, James 1826
Sisters:
Beatrice 1809, Helen 1813, Margaret 1819, Mary 1823
Married:
18 Aug 1834 in Dundee
Spouse:
James Cox
Sons:
James 1835, William, Charles, Edward, James 1853
Daughters:
Grace, Ellen, Clementina, Beatrice, Adeline
Died:
30 Dec 1888 at Clement Park, Lochee
Buried:

Clementina was the second daughter of James Carmichael who, with his brother Charles founded the engineering firm James and Charles Carmichael, a highly successful enterprise in the design and manufacture of steam-driven machinery.

James Carmichael was a popular local figure, especially with his workers, and was well known in engineering circles for his inventions, the benefits of which were made freely available without patent protection. In recognition, a bronze statue by John Hutchinson of Edinburgh, was commissioned and erected in front of the McManus Galleries in Albert Square, Dundee.

At the age of 23 Clementina married James Cox and over the next 20 years, she gave birth to ten children, of which only five survived into adulthood. She was a devoted mother and must have suffered unimaginable pain as she lost, first her eldest child James at the age of 3, then four years later, her two sons William aged 7 and Charles aged 5, and finally ten years later, her two youngest children, James aged 10 and Adeline aged 8.

Despite so much tragedy, it was a very successful marriage. On one occasion when James described returning home with good news, he wrote:
'With a glad heart I went home and met my wife who that day shared in my happiness and doubled it with her gladness, as she had borne before the biggest share of all my troubles.'


Clementina Carmichael (1811-1888)


James Carmichael Statue in Albert Square, Dundee
With his great-great granddaughter Stella Sykes
in the foreground. Photo taken 20 May 2019

SOURCE: The Dundee Directory 1874-75

James and Charles Carmichael

Ward Foundry was first established by Messrs James and Charles Carmichael, the celebrated engineers. They commenced business here about the year 1810, and soon attained distinction by the superiority of the various kinds of machinery they manufactured. In the construction of steam-engines they particularly excelled, and were extensively employed in that department of the business.

They made the machinery for the first steamer that ever floated upon the bosom of the Tay, and for most of the Ferry steamers, including the twin boats, introducing one improvement after another as they proceeded. So ingenious and useful were these improvements found to be, that ferry boats of the same construction were built and employed in river traffic, not only in this country but in foreign lands as well.

In 1833 they made, for the Dundee and Newtyle Railway, the first locomotives ever constructed in Scotland. In 1829 they invented the fan-blast for heating and melting iron, and having been freely given to the public, like their other inventions, its great practical utility and economy were soon acknowledged by universal adoption.

In recognition of the liberality of the firm in thus giving to the trade an invention which, if protected by patent, would have secured them a fortune, the leading engineers in Glasgow entertained the brothers to a banquet in that city in 1841, and presented them with a handsome service of plate. In appreciation of the talent and generosity of Mr James Carmichael, his townsmen have resolved to erect a bronze statue to his honour. It is now in preparation, and, whenever it is completed, will be placed in a prominent position in Albert Square.